Balsam fir (Abies balsamea)


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Type

conifer tree icon

Conifer

Status

species native to Canada

Native

Edible fruit/nut tree?

NO

Names

Latin (scientific) name: Abies balsamea

Common English name: Balsam fir

Other names:

French name: Sapin baumier

Habitat

Highly adaptable to many soil types and climates

Other notes

The Balsam fir is the only fir native to eastern Canada and has flat blunt needles to differentiate it from spruce

Hardiness zone(s)

1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b

  • Zone 0
  • Zone 1
  • Zone 2
  • Zone 3
  • Zone 4
  • Zone 5
  • Zone 6
  • Zone 7
  • Zone 8
  • Zone 9

A hardiness zone is a geographically defined area where a given plant is capable of growing. Hardiness zones are based largely on climate, particularly minimum temperatures. Zone 0 covers the harshest areas in Canada for plant species. Higher numbers represent more temperate areas.

For more information on plant hardiness zones in Canada, visit Natural Resources Canada.

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