Black cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa)

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deciduous tree icon



species native to Canada


Edible fruit/nut tree?



Latin (scientific) name: Populus trichocarpa

Common English name: Black cottonwood

Other names: Western balsam poplar

French name: Peuplier de l’Ouest


Exists on lower and middle elevations, mixed with other species.

Other notes

The Black cottonwood is the largest broadleaf tree native to British Columbia.

Hardiness zone(s)

1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b

  • Zone 0
  • Zone 1
  • Zone 2
  • Zone 3
  • Zone 4
  • Zone 5
  • Zone 6
  • Zone 7
  • Zone 8
  • Zone 9

A hardiness zone is a geographically defined area where a given plant is capable of growing. Hardiness zones are based largely on climate, particularly minimum temperatures. Zone 0 covers the harshest areas in Canada for plant species. Higher numbers represent more temperate areas.

For more information on plant hardiness zones in Canada, visit Natural Resources Canada.


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