Eastern white pine (Pinus strobus)

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species native to Canada


Edible fruit/nut tree?



Latin (scientific) name: Pinus strobus

Common English name: Eastern white pine

Other names: Northern white pine, Weymouth pine

French name: Pin blanc


This shade-tolerant species thrives in full sunlight and grows best on sandy, moist loam.

Other notes

This species is the tallest tree in eastern Canada.

The Eastern white pine is the official arboreal emblem of Ontario.

Hardiness zone(s)

2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b

  • Zone 0
  • Zone 1
  • Zone 2
  • Zone 3
  • Zone 4
  • Zone 5
  • Zone 6
  • Zone 7
  • Zone 8
  • Zone 9

A hardiness zone is a geographically defined area where a given plant is capable of growing. Hardiness zones are based largely on climate, particularly minimum temperatures. Zone 0 covers the harshest areas in Canada for plant species. Higher numbers represent more temperate areas.

For more information on plant hardiness zones in Canada, visit Natural Resources Canada.


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