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Trees in Canada

Lists of Trees

The purpose of this section is to allow you to explore the trees that grow in Canada - what they look like, where they grow and why they are important to us. Although you may notice some missing information, we will be constantly updating the site with photos and information. The best book on the subject is Trees in Canada by John Farrar, published by Fitzhenry and Whiteside Ltd. and the Canadian Forest Service of Natural Resources Canada. Have fun exploring the Trees In Canada!

What is a Tree?
Although most people are sure they can recognize them, a tree is defined as a woody, perennial plant that grows to a height of at least 4.5 metres.

English vs. Latin
Both English (or "common") and Latin (or "scientific") names are given. The English name for a tree can vary from region to region in Canada (for example, "green ash" is also commonly called "red ash"). For this reason, the Latin name is commonly used to designate trees.

Conifers vs. Deciduous
All trees in Canada can be distinguished as being a conifer or deciduous tree. Conifers are often called evergreens or needle-leaved trees (although there always exceptions). Conifers are also known as softwoods. Deciduous trees are often called broadleaf trees because most shed their leaves in autumn. Deciduous trees are also known as hardwoods.

Genus vs. Species
In the Latin (scientific) name, there are two words used: the genus followed by the species. For example, in the tree sugar maple, Acer saccharum - the Acer part describes it as a maple with the saccharum describing it as a sugar maple.


 

Lists of Tree Genus

Lists of Tree Species (Tree Names)

Lists of Deciduous Trees (Tree with broad leaves)

Lists of Conifer Trees (Tree with needles

If you would like to donate photos of trees to Tree Canada, please contact lbanks@treecanada.ca