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List of Deciduous Trees

* indicates that the tree is introduced, not native to Canada
** indicates that an introduced tree has become naturalized ,this means it is successfully reproducing itself in this country

  • Ailanthus (Ailanthus altissima) **
  • Alaska paper birch (Betula neoalaskana) Betula neoalaskana
  • Alternate-leaf dogwood (Cornus alternifolia)
  • American beech (Fagus grandifolia)
  • American chestnut (Castanea dentata)
  • American elder (Sambucus canadensis) Sambucus canadensis
  • American hazel (Corylus americana)
  • American holly (Ilex opaca) *
  • American mountain-ash (Sorbus americana)
  • American plum (Prunus americana) Prunus americana
  • Amur choke cherry (Prunus maackii) Prunus maackii
  • Amur corktree (Phellodendron amurense) Phellodendron amurense
  • Amur maple (Acer ginnala) Acer ginnala
  • Balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) Populus balsamifera
  • Balsam willow (Salix pyrifolia)
  • Basket willow (Salix viminalis) Salix viminalis
  • Basswood (Tilia americana)
  • Beaked hazel (Corylus cornuta) Corylus cornuta
  • Bebb willow (Salix bebbiana) Salix bebbiana
  • Bebb's Oak (Quercus bebbiana)
  • Bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum)
  • Bitter cherry (Prunus emarginata) Prunus emarginata
  • Bitternut hickory (Carya cordiformis)
  • Black ash (Fraxinus nigra) Fraxinus nigra
  • Black cherry (Prunus serotina)
  • Black cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa) Populus trichocarpa
  • Black hawthorn (Crataegus douglasii) Crataegus douglasii
  • Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) **
  • Black maple (Acer nigrum)
  • Black oak (Quercus velutina)
  • Black walnut (Juglans nigra)
  • Black willow (Salix nigra) Salix nigra
  • Black-berry elder (Sambucus melanocarpa) Sambucus melanocarpa
  • Black-gum (Nyssa sylvatica)
  • Blue ash (Fraxinus quadrangulata)
  • Blue-beech (Carpinus caroliniana)
  • Blue-berry elder (Sambucus cerulea) Sambucus cerulea
  • Blueleaf birch (Betula xcaerulea) Betula xcaerulea
  • Bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa)
  • Burning-bush euonymus (Euonymus atropurpureus) Euonymus atropurpureus
  • Butternut (Juglans cinerea)
  • Button-bush (Cephalanthus occidentalis)
  • Canada plum (Prunus nigra)
  • Carolina poplar (Populus xcanadensis) Populus xcanadensis
  • Cascara buckthorn (Rhamnus purshiana) Rhamnus purshiana
  • Cherry birch (Betula lenta) Betula lenta
  • Chestnut oak (Quercus montana) Quercus montana
  • Chinese chestnut (Castanea mollissima) Castanea mollissima
  • Chinquapin oak (Quercus muehlenbergii) Quercus muehlenbergii
  • Choke cherry (Prunus virginiana var. virginiana) Prunus virginiana var. virginiana
  • Cockspur hawthorn (Crataegus crus-galli)
  • Columbia hawthorn (Crataegus columbiana) Crataegus columbiana
  • Common apple (Malus sylvestris) Malus sylvestris
  • Common Dogwood (Cornus sanguinea) **
  • Common hoptree (Ptelea trifoliata) Ptelea trifoliata
  • Common laburnum (Laburnum anagyroides) Laburnum anagyroides
  • Common lilac (Syringa vulgaris) **
  • Common prickly-ash (Zanthoxylum americanum) Zanthoxylum americanum
  • Common smoke-tree (Cotinus coggygria) Cotinus coggygria
  • Common winterberry (Ilex verticillata) Ilex verticillata
  • Common Winterberry (Ilex verticillata)
  • Cornelian-cherry (Cornus mas) *
  • Crack willow (Salix fragilis) Salix fragilis
  • Cranberry viburnum (Viburnum trilobum) Viburnum trilobum
  • Cucumber-tree (Magnolia acuminata) Magnolia acuminata
  • Dotted hawthorn (Crataegus punctata)
  • Douglas maple (Acer glabrum var. douglasii) Acer glabrum var. douglasii
  • Downy hawthorn (Crataegus mollis)
  • Downy serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea)
  • Dwarf chinquapin oak (Quercus prinoides) Quercus prinoides
  • Dwarf hackberry (Celtis tenuifolia)
  • Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. deltoides)
  • Eastern flowering dogwood (Cornus florida)
  • Eastern red elderberry (Sambucus pubens) Sambucus pubens
  • English elm (Ulmus procera) Ulmus procera
  • English holly (Ilex aquifolium) Ilex aquifolium
  • English oak (Quercus robur) **
  • English walnut (Juglans regia) Juglans regia
  • European ash (Fraxinus excelsior) Fraxinus excelsior
  • European beech (Fagus sylvatica) *
  • European black alder (Alnus glutinosa) **
  • European buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica) Rhamnus cathartica
  • European cranberry viburnum (Viburnum opulus) Viburnum opulus
  • European euonymus (Euonymus europaeus) *
  • European filbert (Corylus avellana) Corylus avellana
  • European mountain-ash (Sorbus aucuparia) **
  • European white birch (Betula pendula) Betula pendula
  • European white poplar (Populus alba) Populus alba
  • Fanleaf hawthorn (Crataegus flabellata) Crataegus flabellata
  • Feltleaf willow (Salix alaxensis) Salix alaxensis
  • Fireberry hawthorn (Crataegus chrysocarpa) Crataegus chrysocarpa
  • Fleshy hawthorn (Crataegus succulenta)
  • Garry oak (Quercus garryana) Quercus garryana
  • Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba) *
  • Glossy buckthorn (Rhamnus frangula) Rhamnus frangula
  • Golden Weeping willow (Salix alba var. vitellina cv. Pendula) *
  • Golden willow (Salix alba var. vitellina) Salix alba var. vitellina
  • Goldenchain tree (Laburnum xwatereri) Laburnum xwatereri
  • Gray birch (Betula populifolia)
  • Green alder (Alnus viridis ssp. crispa) Alnus viridis ssp. crispa
  • Green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica var. subintegerrima) Fraxinus pennsylvanica var. subintegerrima
  • Hazel alder (Alnus serrulata) Alnus serrulata
  • Heartleaf willow (Salix eriocephala) Salix eriocephala
  • Honey-locust (Gleditsia triacanthos) Gleditsia triacanthos
  • Hooker willow (Salix hookeriana) Salix hookeriana
  • Horsechestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) **
  • Hybrid white willow (Salix alba x S. fragilis) Salix alba x S. fragilis
  • Ironwood (Ostrya virginiana)
  • Jack's hybrid poplar (Populus xjackii) Populus xjackii
  • Japanese angelica-tree (Aralia elata) Aralia elata
  • Japanese Dogwood (Cornus officinalis) *
  • Japanese flowering cherry (Prunus serrulata) Prunus serrulata
  • Japanese maple (Acer palmatum) Acer palmatum
  • Japanese Walnut (Juglans ailantifolia)
  • Japanese zelkova (Zelkova serrata) Zelkova serrata
  • Katsura-tree (Cercidiphyllum japonicum) Cercidiphyllum japonicum
  • Kenai birch (Betula kenaica) Betula kenaica
  • Kentucky coffeetree (Gymnocladus dioicus)
  • Kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa) *
  • Lanceleaf cottonwood (Populus xacuminata) Populus xacuminata
  • Largetooth aspen (Populus grandidentata) Populus grandidentata
  • Laurel willow (Salix pentandra) Salix pentandra
  • Little-leaf linden (Tilia cordata) *
  • Littletree willow (Salix arbusculoides) Salix arbusculoides
  • Lombardy poplar (Populus nigra cv. Italica) Populus nigra cv. Italica
  • London plane-tree (Platanus xacerifolia) Platanus xacerifolia
  • Mackenzie willow (Salix prolixa) Salix prolixa
  • Manitoba maple (Acer negundo)
  • Meadow willow (Salix petiolaris) Salix petiolaris
  • Mountain alder (Alnus incana ssp. tenuifolia) Alnus incana ssp. tenuifolia
  • Mountain maple (Acer spicatum)
  • Mountain paper birch (Betula cordifolia) Betula cordifolia
  • Mountain serviceberry (Amelanchier bartramiana) Amelanchier bartramiana
  • Mountain-holly (Nemopanthus mucronatus) Nemopanthus mucronatus
  • Narrowleaf cottonwood (Populus angustifolia) Populus angustifolia
  • Northern catalpa (Catalpa speciosa) Catalpa speciosa
  • Northern hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)
  • Northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis)
  • Northern red ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica var. austini) Fraxinus pennsylvanica var. austini
  • Norway maple (Acer platanoides) **
  • Ohio buckeye (Aesculus glabra)
  • One-seeded hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna) Crataegus monogyna
  • Oregon ash (Fraxinus latifolia) Fraxinus latifolia
  • Osage-orange (Maclura pomifera) Maclura pomifera
  • Pacific bayberry (Myrica californica) Myrica californica
  • Pacific crab apple (Malus fusca) Malus fusca
  • Pacific rhododendron (Rhododendron macrophyllum) Rhododendron macrophyllum
  • Pacific serviceberry (Amelanchier florida) Amelanchier florida
  • Pacific willow (Salix lucida ssp. Lasiandra) Salix lucida ssp. Lasiandra
  • Pawpaw (Asimina triloba) Asimina triloba
  • Peachleaf willow (Salix amygdaloides) Salix amygdaloides
  • Pear hawthorn (Crataegus calpodendron)
  • Pin cherry (Prunus pensylvanica)
  • Pin oak (Quercus palustris)
  • Plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. monilifera) Populus deltoides ssp. monilifera
  • Poison-oak (Toxicodendron diversiloba) Toxicodendron diversiloba
  • Poison-sumac (Toxicodendron vernix) Toxicodendron vernix
  • Pumpkin ash (Fraxinus profunda) Fraxinus profunda
  • Purple-osier willow (Salix purpurea) Salix purpurea
  • Pussy willow (Salix discolor)
  • Red alder (Alnus rubra)
  • Red ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)
  • Red hickory (Carya glabra var. odorata) Carya glabra var. odorata
  • Red horsechestnut (Aesculus x carnea) *
  • Red maple (Acer rubrum)
  • Red mulberry (Morus rubra)
  • Red oak (Quercus rubra)
  • Red-berry elder (Sambucus callicarpa) Sambucus callicarpa
  • Redbud (Cercis canadensis) Cercis canadensis
  • Rock elm (Ulmus thomasii) Ulmus thomasii
  • Rosebay rhododendron (Rhododendron maximum) Rhododendron maximum
  • Roundleaf serviceberry (Amelanchier sanguinea) Amelanchier sanguinea
  • Royalty Crab Apple (Malus 'Royalty')
  • Russian-olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) Elaeagnus angustifolia
  • Sandbar willow (Salix exigua) Salix exigua
  • Saskatoon (Amelanchier alnifolia) Amelanchier alnifolia
  • Sassafras (Sassafras albidum)
  • Satiny willow (Salix pellita) Salix pellita
  • Saucer magnolia (Magnolia xsoulangiana) Magnolia xsoulangiana
  • Scarlet hawthorn (Crataegus coccinea) Crataegus coccinea
  • Scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea) *
  • Scotch elm (Ulmus glabra) Ulmus glabra
  • Scouler willow (Salix scouleriana) Salix scouleriana
  • Sea-buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) Hippophae rhamnoides
  • Shagbark hickory (Carya ovata)
  • Shellbark hickory (Carya laciniosa) Carya laciniosa
  • Shining sumac (Rhus copallina) Rhus copallina
  • Shining willow (Salix lucida ssp. lucida) Salix lucida ssp. lucida
  • Showy mountain-ash (Sorbus decora)
  • Shumard oak (Quercus shumardii) Quercus shumardii
  • Siberian alder (Alnus viridis ssp. fruticosa) Alnus viridis ssp. fruticosa
  • Siberian crab apple (Malus baccata) Malus baccata
  • Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila) Ulmus pumila
  • Siberian pea-tree (Caragana arborescens) *
  • Silver buffalo-berry (Shepherdia argentea)
  • Silver maple (Acer saccharinum)
  • Silverberry (Elaeagnus commutata) Elaeagnus commutata
  • Simon poplar (Populus simonii) Populus simonii
  • Sitka alder (Alnus viridis ssp. sinuata) Alnus viridis ssp. sinuata
  • Sitka mountain-ash (Sorbus sitchensis) Sorbus sitchensis
  • Sitka willow (Salix sitchensis) Salix sitchensis
  • Slippery elm (Ulmus rubra) Ulmus rubra
  • Smooth serviceberry (Amelanchier laevis) Amelanchier laevis
  • Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra) Rhus glabra
  • Sour cherry (Prunus cerasus) Prunus cerasus
  • Southern catalpa (Catalpa bignonioides) Catalpa bignonioides
  • Speckled alder (Alnus incana ssp. rugosa)
  • Squashberry viburnum (Viburnum edule) Viburnum edule
  • Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina)
  • Striped maple (Acer pensylvanicum)
  • Sugar maple (Acer saccharum)
  • Swamp white oak (Quercus bicolor)
  • Sweet cherry (Prunus avium) Prunus avium
  • Sweet viburnum (Viburnum lentago) Viburnum lentago
  • Sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua) *
  • Sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) Platanus occidentalis
  • Sycamore maple (Acer pseudoplatanus) Acer pseudoplatanus
  • Trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides) Populus tremuloides
  • Tulip-tree (Liriodendron tulipifera)
  • Turkish hazel (Corylus colurna) Corylus colurna
  • Vine maple (Acer circinatum) Acer circinatum
  • Violet willow (Salix daphnoides) Salix daphnoides
  • Washington hawthorn (Crataegus phaenopyrum) Crataegus phaenopyrum
  • Water birch (Betula occidentalis) Betula occidentalis
  • Wayfaring viburnum (Viburnum lantana) Viburnum lantana
  • Western choke cherry (Prunus virginiana var. demissa) Prunus virginiana var. demissa
  • Western flowering dogwood (Cornus nuttallii) Cornus nuttallii
  • White ash (Fraxinus americana)
  • White birch (Betula papyrifera)
  • White elm (Ulmus americana)
  • White linden (Tilia tomentosa) Tilia tomentosa
  • White mulberry (Morus alba) **
  • White oak (Quercus alba)
  • Wild crab apple (Malus coronaria) Malus coronaria
  • Winged euonymus (Euonymus alatus) *
  • Winter-creeper euonymus (Euonymus fortunei) Euonymus fortunei
  • Winterberry Euonymus (Euonymus bungeanus) *
  • Witch-hazel (Hamamelis virginiana)
  • Yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis)
  • Yellow-Twig Dogwood (Cornus sericea) **
  • Yellow-wood (Cladrastis lutea) *