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Jack pine (Pinus banksiana)


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At a glance

Names

Latin (scientific) name: Pinus banksiana 

Common English name: Jack pine

Other names: Banksian Pine, Gray Pine, Scrub Pine

French name:  Pin gris

Type

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Coniferous

Plant Hardiness Zone

0a, 0b, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b

Status

species native to Canada

Native

Size at Maturity

20 m

Life Expectancy

Where it grows

Plant Hardiness Zone

0a, 0b, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b

Habitat

Found on poor quality sites.

Preferred Soil Type

Coarse sands, shallow soils, and even permafrost.

Distribution Across Canada

This Pine is the most widely distributed in Canada.

What it looks like

At Maturity

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Small trees with a conical crown and long straight trunk before the first branches

Bark

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Flaky when young, thick with irregular plates when mature

Leaf

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stiff, sharp needles in bundles of 2, approximately 3 cm long

Bud

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Cone

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Usually point forward and are scaly and variable in size and shape

Other

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What affects it

Pests

Common diseases

Values and Uses

Edible fruit/nut tree?

No

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