Blue-beech (Carpinus caroliniana)

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species native to Canada


Edible fruit/nut tree?



Latin (scientific) name: Carpinus caroliniana

Common English name: Blue-beech

Other names: American hornbeam, musclewood, ironwood

French name: Charme de Caroline


Mostly found on lower slopes in valleys and bordering streams and valleys.

Other notes

The blue-beech is the only carpinus species native to North America.


Hardiness zone(s)

1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b

  • Zone 0
  • Zone 1
  • Zone 2
  • Zone 3
  • Zone 4
  • Zone 5
  • Zone 6
  • Zone 7
  • Zone 8
  • Zone 9

A hardiness zone is a geographically defined area where a given plant is capable of growing. Hardiness zones are based largely on climate, particularly minimum temperatures. Zone 0 covers the harshest areas in Canada for plant species. Higher numbers represent more temperate areas.

For more information on plant hardiness zones in Canada, visit Natural Resources Canada.


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