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White spruce (Picea glauca)


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At a glance

Names

Latin (scientific) name: Picea glauca 

Common English name: White Spruce

Other names: Cat, Skunk, or Pasture Spruce, Canadian Spruce

French name: Épinette blanche

Type

conifer tree icon

Coniferous

Plant Hardiness Zone

5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b

Status

species native to Canada

Native

Size at Maturity

25 m

Life Expectancy

Where it grows

Plant Hardiness Zone

5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b

Habitat

Shade tolerant

Preferred Soil Type

Grows well in moist sandy soils on the banks of streams and lakes

Distribution Across Canada

 Very hardy and grows across entire country.

What it looks like

At Maturity

Bark

conifer tree icon

Smooth when young, dark grey and scaly with age

Leaf

Four-sided needles, straight and rigid, 15-22 mm long. Green to bluish-green with lines of white dots.

Bud

conifer tree icon

Ovoid, small

Cone

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Seed cones slender and cylindrical, 3-6 cm long, blunt, stalkless

Other

conifer tree icon

An Important wood pulp and lumber tree in Canada.

What affects it

Pests

Common diseases

Values and Uses

Edible fruit/nut tree?

No

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