White birch (Betula papyrifera)

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species native to Canada


Edible fruit/nut tree?



Latin (scientific) name: Betula papyrifera

Common English name: White birch

Other names: Paper birch, canoe birch

French name: Bouleau à papier


Found in every Canadian province and territory, white birch tolerates diverse environmental conditions.

Other notes

White birch is sometimes called canoe birch as the bark can be used to make canoes.

The White birch is the official arboreal emblem of Saskatchewan.

Hardiness zone(s)

0a, 0b, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b

A hardiness zone is a geographically defined area where a given plant is capable of growing. Hardiness zones are based largely on climate, particularly minimum temperatures. Zone 0 covers the harshest areas in Canada for plant species. Higher numbers represent more temperate areas.

For more information on plant hardiness zones in Canada, visit Natural Resources Canada.


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