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Sugar maple (Acer saccharum)


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Type

deciduous tree icon

Deciduous

Status

species native to Canada

Native

Edible fruit/nut tree?

NO

Names

Latin (scientific) name: Acer saccharum

Common English name: Sugar maple

Other names: Hard maple, rock maple

French name: Érable à sucre

Habitat

Requires cool and moist environments on soils containing lime.

Other notes

Sugar maple is Canada’s national tree and is the main source of sap used in producing maple syrup.

The generic maple species (Acer spp) is Canada’s official arboreal emblem.

Hardiness zone(s)

3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b

  • Zone 0
  • Zone 1
  • Zone 2
  • Zone 3
  • Zone 4
  • Zone 5
  • Zone 6
  • Zone 7
  • Zone 8
  • Zone 9

A hardiness zone is a geographically defined area where a given plant is capable of growing. Hardiness zones are based largely on climate, particularly minimum temperatures. Zone 0 covers the harshest areas in Canada for plant species. Higher numbers represent more temperate areas.

For more information on plant hardiness zones in Canada, visit Natural Resources Canada.

Images:

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